Caffeine is Not Addictive
Caffeine can be habit-forming but it is not addictive. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse states that caffeine is considered to be a mild stimulant but does not have the qualities of addictive stimulants like cocaine and amphetamines. However, sudden abstinence from caffeine can produce mild withdrawal symptoms such as headache, restlessness and irritability. Therefore, it is recommended to slowly wean off caffeine over a week or two to lessen these symptoms.
The need to eliminate caffeine from your diet is not supported in the literature. In fact, studies show that moderate caffeine use can actually enhance your mood and improve focus and alertness. The American Dietetic Association suggests limiting caffeine intake to 200mg to 300mg (2- 3 cups of coffee) per day.
Caffeine Does Not Necessarily Cause Dehydration
While caffeine is a diuretic, its effects are very mild. However, like all diuretics, it will cause you to urinate more often and therefore, lose fluids. The more fluids you lose, the greater the chance for dehydration, especially if you are at risk due to health issues. Also, long distance runners and athletes performing in conditions of extreme heat must use caution. Minimal to moderate caffeine intake with generous use of water and sports drinks should suffice.
Caffeine Does Not Contribute to Heart Disease
A study conducted at the University of Madrid of more than 126,000 people found that women who drank 2-3 cups of caffeinated coffee per day had a 25% lower risk of heart disease. Also, a 33 year long study of more than 1,000 participants at Johns Hopkins University found that coffee had no significant effect on the risk of hypertension. Moderation seemed to be the key component in these studies. Interestingly, caffeinated colas did increase the risk of hypertension; however, it was believed to be due to the high amounts of sugars and other ingredients in the drink.
However, for many reasons, physicians tell their cardiac patients, especially those with high blood pressure or abnormal heart rhythms, to avoid caffeine. This matter should be discussed in more detail with your physician before using caffeine. Tea, especially black and green, contains a much smaller amount of caffeine than coffee, is often recommended for the health benefits of antioxidants.
Caffeine Does Not Cause Hyperactivity in Children
While studies show that moderate caffeine (40 – 200mg) in children does not make them hyperactive, others demonstrate that a 12 oz can of cola with only 35 mg of caffeine makes them bounce off the walls. It has been concluded that it is the sugar and other ingredients in the soda that makes them hyperactive. In fact, some studies show that small amounts of caffeine can work like Ritalin, and improves focus in children with attention disorders.
Caffeine Does Not Cause Bone Loss
Caffeine has been shown to increase calcium excretion when taken in large amounts. Unless a child drinks caffeinated coffee in place of milk, there is no scientific evidence that bone loss will occur. When caffeine is used in moderation, no evidence of bone loss exists.
Caffeine Does Not Cause Fibrocystic Breast Disease
There is no scientific evidence to support the claim that caffeine causes fibrocystic breast disease or breast cancer. Confusion may lie with the fact that caffeine is associated with increased breast pain during monthly hormonal changes. If so, women are well advised to reduce the intake of caffeine during this time.
NEXT MONDAY – Read Dr. Paul J. Mackarey “Health & Exercise Forum!” in the Scranton Times-Tribune.
Paul J. Mackarey PT, DHSc, OCS is a Doctor in Health Sciences specializing in orthopaedic and sports physical therapy. Dr. Mackarey is in private practice and is an associate professor of clinical medicine at The Commonwealth Medical College.